This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)
|People's Liberation Army Macao Garrison|
Guarnição em Macau do Exército de Libertação do Povo Chinês
|Founded||20 December 1999|
|Country|| People's Republic of China|
|Allegiance||Chinese Communist Party|
|Part of||Southern Theater Command|
|Commander||Major General Xu Liangcai|
|Political commissar||Major General Zhou Wugang|
|Chinese People's Liberation Army Macao Garrison|
|Literal meaning||China People Liberation Army stationing Àomén Troops|
|Portuguese||Guarnição em Macau do Exército de Libertação do Povo Chinês|
The People's Liberation Army Macao Garrison[note 1] is a garrison of the People's Liberation Army (PLA), responsible for defense duties in the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) since the sovereignty of Macau was transferred to China in 1999.
The PLA stations between 500 and 600 troops in Macau, primarily as a symbolic presence to underscore Chinese sovereignty. The remainder of the 1,200-strong Macau garrison resides just across the Chinese border in Zhuhai.
Although the Macao Basic Law states that the Macau SAR government may "when necessary" ask the central government to allow the garrison to assist in maintaining public order or disaster relief, Chief Executive Edmund Ho has said that, in keeping with the Basic Law the garrison will play no role in internal security. The garrison has maintained a low profile, with soldiers generally wearing civilian clothing when off base and not engaging in business activities.
According to the Law on Stationing Troops in the Macau Special Administrative Region (or Macao Garrison Law, passed by the NPC Standing Committee on June 28, 1999), the mission of the PLA in Macau is to defend the special administrative region by "preventing and resisting aggression; safe-guarding the security of Macau; undertaking defense services; managing military facilities; and handling related foreign military affairs." The PLA can also be called upon by the chief executive to help maintain public order and assist with disaster relief efforts. The members of the garrison are mainly ground force troops.
2017 Typhoon Hato
At the request of Macau SAR Government, the PLA Macao Garrison was deployed to assist in disaster relief and cleaning up in the aftermath of Typhoon Hato in August 2017, the first time for domestic affairs in Macau history. About 1,000 troops were called in to help remove debris and clear roads.
The PLA Macao Garrison is under the command and control of the Central Military Commission and under the operational supervision of the Southern Theater Command, and its budget is administered by the central government in Beijing. A PLA major general heads the Macao Garrison.
- Garrison Commanders
- Maj. General Liu Yuejun 1999–2002
- Maj. General Liu Lianhua 2002–2008
- Maj. General Wang Yuren 2008–2010
- Maj. General Zhu Qingsheng 2010–2014
- Maj. General Wang Wen 2014–2018
- Maj. General Liao Zhengrong 2018
- Maj. General Xu Liangcai 2019–present
- Political Commissars
- Maj. General He Xianshu 1999–2001
- Maj. General Liu Liangkai 2001–2003
- Maj. General Yang Zhongmin 2003–2006
- Maj. General Li Wenchao 2006–2007
- Maj. General Zhao Cunsheng 2007–2008
- Maj. General Xu Jinlin 2008–2013
- Maj. General Ma Biqiang 2013–2014
- Maj. General Zhang Zhimeng 2014–2017
- Maj. General Zhou Wugang 2017–present
This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2021)
|ZFB91||6 wheeled Armored Personnel Carrier (Internal Security/Anti-Riot Vehicle)||10||1980s||Norinco People's Republic of China||with 12.7mm machine gun|
|BJ2020S||utility vehicle||N/A||N/A||Beijing-Jeep People's Republic of China||variant of Soviet UAZ469B|
|EQ2102||Troop/Cargo Carrier Truck||N/A||N/A||Dongfeng Motor Corporation People's Republic of China|
|EQ2081/2100||Utility Truck||N/A||N/A||Dongfeng Motor Corporation People's Republic of China||(formerly EQ240 and likely Chinese variants of the Zil 131) and other support vehicles|
|Type 88 Sniper Rifle||rifle||N/A||N/A||Norinco People's Republic of China|
|QBZ-95||rifle||N/A||N/A||People's Republic of China|
The garrison was temporarily stationed at the 11 storey Edificação Long Cheng/Long Cheng Mansion. It is now stationed on Taipa located amongst the new casinos in Cotai (Estrada da Baía de Nossa Sra. da Esperança across from Hotel Venetian and Galaxy Macau).
There are more troops at the barracks in Zhuhai (Zhengling).
- The English name of the garrison follows the English name of the city instead of the Portuguese name, therefore it should be "Macao".
- "Commander of the People's Liberation Army in Macao: Xu Liangcai takes over Liao Zhengrong". bestchinanews. 2 January 2019. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- "Contribute to national development, ensuring Macao's prosperity". Government Information Bureau. Retrieved 2018-06-24.
- "PLA Macao Garrison holds 15th open day". China Military. Retrieved 2018-06-24.
- Yeung, Raymond; Carvelho, Raquel. "Up to 10 people feared trapped in flooded underground car parks after Typhoon Hato devastates Macau". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2017-08-27.
- "PLA garrison aids relief after typhoon hits Macao- Chinadaily.com.cn". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2022-03-23.
- Media related to Macau Garrison of the Chinese People's Liberation Army at Wikimedia Commons